SISYPHUS

SISYPHUS
Aeoli fil. qui icum Atticam latrociniis infestaret (unde Ovid. Met. l. 13. v. 32.
Quid sanguine cretus
Sisyphio, furtisque et fraude simillimus illi.)
a Theseo occisus est. Hunc Poetae fabulantur eô supplicii genere apud inferos plecti, ut saxum ingens in montis cuiusdam verticem cogatur provolvere; quod cum ad summum pene extulerit, repente deorsum relabitur. Vetus Poeta apud Cicer. l. 1. Tusc. Qu. c. 5.
---- Sisyphu' versat
Saxum sudans nitendo, neque proficit hilum.
Ovid. Met. l. 13. v. 26.
Ubi Aeoliden saxum grave Sisdyphon urget.
Idem l. 4. Met. v. 459.
Aut petis, aut urges rediturum, Sisyphe, saxum.
Huc allusit Virg. Aen. l. 6. v. 616.
Saxum ingens volvunt alii. -----
Propert. l. 2. el. 17. v. 7.
vel tu Sisyphios licet admirêre labores.
Idem eleg. 20. eiusdem libri, v. 32.
Tum quoque Sisyphiô saxa labore geram.
Horat. Od. 14. l. 2. v. 20.
----- Damnatusque longi
Sisyphus Aeolides laboris.
Vide Pausan. in Corinthiacis. Apollod. l. 1. Hygin. Fab. 60. Martial. l. 10. Epigr. 5. v. 15.
Nunc inquieti monte Sisyphi pressus
Seneca Tragoedus in Hercule Insano, v. 751.
Cervice saxum grande Sisyphiâ sedit.
Idem in Hippolyto, Actu 5. v. 1229.
Umbrae nocentes cedite; et cervicibus
His, his repositum degravet fessas manus
Saxum, sent perennis Aeolio labor.
Homer. Od. λ. v. 592.
Καὶ μὲν Σίσυφον εἰσεῖδον κράτεῤ ἄλγἐ ἔχοντα,
Λᾶαν βαςτάζοντα πελώριον ἀμφοτέρῃσιν.
Η῎τοι ὁ μὲν, σκηριπτόμενος χερσίν τε, ποσίν τε,
Λᾶαν ἀνω ὤθεσκε ποτὶ λόφον, ἀλλ᾿ ὅτι μέλλοι
Α῎κρον ὑπερβαλέειν, τότ᾿ ἀπιςτρέψασκε κραταίϊς
Αὖτις, ἔπειτα πέδον δὲ κυλίνδετο λᾶας ἀναιδής.
Scientiam Sisyphi, sive potius astutiam indicant Homer et Theognis: Hic Il. ζ. v. 153.
Ε῎νθα δὲ Σίσυφος ἔσκεν, ὁ κέρδιςτος γένετ᾿ ἀνδρῶν,
Σίσυφος Α᾿ιολίδης, ὀ δ᾿ ἄρα Γλαῦκον τέκεθ᾿ μ῾όν.
Ille v. 700.
Ο᾿υδ᾿ εἰ σωφροσύνην μὲν ἔχοις Ῥαδαμάνθυος αὐτοῦ,
Πλείονα δ᾿ εἰδείης Αἰολίδου Σισύφου,
Ὁ῞ςτε καὶ ἐξ ἀϊδεω πολυϊδρίῃσιν ἀνῆλθε,
ΠείϚας ΠερϚεφόνην αἱμυλίοισι λόγοις,
Η῞τε βροτοῖς παρέχει λήθην, βλάπτουϚα νόημα.
Α῎λλος δ᾿ οὔπω τις τοῦτὀ γ᾿ ἐπεφραϚατο,
Ο῞ντινα δή θανάτοιο μέλαν νέφος ἀμφικαλύψοι,
Ε῎λθοι δ᾿ εἰς κρυερὸν χῶρον ἀποφθιμένων.
Κυανέας τε πύλας παραμείψεται, ἁίτε θανόντων
Ψοχὰς ἐίργουσιν, καίπερ ἀναινομένας.
Α᾿λλ᾿ ἀρἀ κἀκεῖθεν Σίσυφος πάλιν ἤλυθεν ἥρως
Ε᾿ς φάος῾ ἠελίου σφῇσι πολυφροτύναις.)
Mythologiam Sisyphi habes apud Natal. Com. l. 6. c. 17. Lucretius vero l. 3. v. 1009 in eos hanc fabulam convenire scribit, qui magistratus et honores a populo expetunt cum summa animi contentione; neque unquam obtinere poslunt, vel quod indigni habeantur, vel quod in hoc etiam maxima vis sit fortunae. Sic enim ait Epicureus Poeta,
Sisyphus in vita quoque nohis ante oculos est,
Qui petere a populo fasces, saevasque secures
Imbibit, et semper victus tristisque recedit.
Nam petere imperium, quod mancum est, nec datur unquam,
Atque in eo semper durum sufferre laborem;
Hoc est adversô nixantem trudere monte
Saxum, quod tamen a summo iam vertice rursum
Volvitur, et plani roptim petit aequora campi.
Fuit autem iuxta Historiam Sisyphus, primus Corinthi Rex; condidit eam vel saltem colonis instruxit Ephyram prius dictam, A. M. 2643. ubi successores eius regnârunt, an. 308. ab Heraclidis pulsi, An. 2951. Euseb. in Chron. Alii paulo aliter.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sisyphus — Sis y*phus, n. [L. Sisyphus, Sisyphus, fr. Gr. ????.] (Class. Myth.) A king of Corinth, son of [AE]olus, famed for his cunning. He was killed by Theseus, and in the lower world was condemned by Pluto to roll to the top of a hill a huge stone,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sisyphus — Sisyphus, myth., Gründer Ephyras (Korinth), betrog Götter u. Menschen u. mußte darum in der Unterwelt einen stets wieder herabrollenden Stein einen Berg hinaufrollen (S.arbeit) …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Sisyphus — Gk. Sisyphos, a name of unknown origin. King of Corinth, famed as the craftiest of men, he was condemned in the afterlife to roll uphill a stone which perpetually rolls down again …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sisyphus — [sis′ə fəs] n. [L < Gr Sisyphos] Gr. Myth. a greedy king of Corinth doomed forever in Hades to roll a heavy stone uphill, only to have it always roll down again …   English World dictionary

  • Sisyphus — In Greek mythology, Sisyphus (Greek: Σίσυφος [sí.sy.phos] Audio IPA|Ell Sisyfos.ogg| [ si.si.fos] , Latinized: Sisyphus, (IPAEng|ˈsɪsɨfəs)), was a king punished in Tartarus by being cursed to roll a huge boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll… …   Wikipedia

  • Sisyphus — /sis euh feuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Aeolus and ruler of Corinth, noted for his trickery: he was punished in Tartarus by being compelled to roll a stone to the top of a slope, the stone always escaping him near the top and rolling down again …   Universalium

  • Sisyphus — Eine wahre Sisyphusarbeit nennen wir noch heute wie Properz (›Sisyphios labores‹, Lachm. III, 17, 7) eine besonders schwere und qualvolle Arbeit, die zur Erfolglosigkeit verdammt scheint und deshalb niemals zu einem Abschluß gebracht werden kann …   Das Wörterbuch der Idiome

  • Sisyphus — Persephone beaufsichtigt Sisyphos in der Unterwelt, schwarzfigurige attische Amphora, um 530 v. Chr., Staatliche Antikensammlungen (Inv. 1494) Sisyphos ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sisyphus — Si|sy|phos <griechisch>, Si|sy|phus (Gestalt der griechischen Sage)   • Sisyphus Sisyphus, der der griechischen Sage nach dazu verurteilt war, einen Felsblock einen steilen Berg hinaufzuwälzen, von wo er kurz vor dem Gipfel immer wieder… …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Sisyphus —  Not ss . In Greek mythology, Sisyphus was a king of Corinth who was condemned for eternity to push a heavy stone up a hill, only to have it roll down again. Hence Sisyphean describes some endless task …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

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